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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f2\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f3\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f4\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f5\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f6\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f7\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f8\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f10\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f12\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f14\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f2\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl2585\margr4127\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn2585\margrsxn4127\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li1990\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 CHAPTER VII}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li276\fi0\ri0\sb139\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs26 CONTACT WITH THE OUTSIDE WORLD}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li1397\fi720\ri1440\sb46\sa0\sl-389\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\scaps\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw10\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 section \scaps0 A \expndtw-8 THE PERSIAN CONQUEST}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi401\ri12\sb182\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw8\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Let us now turn for a while from Magadha and \expndtw5 Dther eastern states to take a peep at what was hap\-\expndtw12 pening in the north-western part of India. It was \expndtw5 divided in the latter half of the sixth century B.C. into \expndtw10 a number of petty principalities/ and there was no \expndtw1 great power to curb their mutual strifes and jealousies. \expndtw3 Naturally it provided a strong tempting ground to the \expndtw11 Imperialism of the Achsemenian monarchy, which}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li194\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0\tx1889 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\sub\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 c{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw5 had arisen in Persia about this time}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li312\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0\tx1884 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-20\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 yrus{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw16 under the leadership of Kurush}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi0\ri0\sb2\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 or Cyrus \i (c. \i0 558-30 B.C.) He extended the bounds of \expndtw2 his empire as far west as the Mediterranean, and in the \expndtw10 east he conquered Bactria and Gadara (Gandhara), \expndtw11 but it is unlikely he advanced beyond the frontiers \expndtw7 of India. His immediate successors, Kambujiya I \expndtw5 (Cambyses I), Kurush II (Cyrus II), Kambujiya II \expndtw7 (Cambyses II)\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'97\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 530-22 B.C.,\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'97\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 were too busy with \expndtw22 affairs in the west to think of the east, but}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li144\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx1853 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-12\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Darius I{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw8 Darayavaush or Darius I (522-486}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li2\fi1841\ri26\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw7\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 B.C.) appears to have annexed a Dorrion of the Indus region, as evidenced by the \expndtw1 nscriptions at Persepolis and on his tomb at Naksh-i-\expndtw15 Rustam, mentioning the Hidus or the people of \expndtw2 Sindhu (Indus) among Persian subjects. This conquest \expndtw0 was made probably some time after 518 B.C., the assu\-\expndtw12 med date of the Behistun record, which omits the}\par }